Timis County

Lies in the Banat, in the lower basin of the Timis river Area 8,697 sq km (Romania’s largest county) 692,870 inhabitants (1997) Relief predominantly flat country (over 85% plains) Climate temperately-continental.

Timisoara

Administrative and Geographical Data capital city of the Timis county; situated in the Banatului Plain, on the sides of the Bega river; important economic, cultural, scientific and university centre; area 17,988 ha; 334,098 inhabitants (1997) Access by train – Bucharest (533 km), Craiova (324 km), Arad (57 km), Oradea (178 km); by road – E70 Bucharest (562 km), E70 Craiova (330 km), E671 Arad (50 km), E671 Oradea (165 km); by air – international airport

capital city of the Timis county; situated in the Banatului Plain, on the sides of the Bega river; important economic, cultural, scientific and university centre; area 17,988 ha; 334,098 inhabitants (1997) – Bucharest (533 km), Craiova (324 km), Arad (57 km), Oradea (178 km); – E70 Bucharest (562 km), E70 Craiova (330 km), E671 Arad (50 km), E671 Oradea (165 km); – international airport

Historical and Cultural Background inhabited since the Geto-Dacian age; first mentioned as a fortress, i.e. Castrum Temessiensis in the 12th-13th centuries; 14th c. – the Magyar king Charles Robert of Anjou resided there; 1552-1716 – seized by the Turks; 1716-1918 – under the sway of the Hapsburg Empire and of the Austro-Hungarian Empire respectively Educational and Technical Development 16th c. – first school; 18th c. – first school in the Romanian language; 18th c. – Bega became a navigable river; 19th c. – telegraphy, railway (Timisoara-Szeged), electric street lighting (first system in Europe) as well as electric trams were first used there; start of the 20th c. – foundation of the Polytechnic School, of the Fine Arts and Music Academies, of the Faculty of Constructions; at present – 7 universities and 32 high-schools Flourishing Cultural and Artistic Life opera and drama theatres use the Romanian, German and Hungarian languages; a great number of music groups and orchestras, dance troupes; a great many publications.Timis-County

inhabited since the Geto-Dacian age; first mentioned as a fortress, i.e. in the 12th-13th centuries; 14th c. – the Magyar king resided there; 1552-1716 – seized by the Turks; 1716-1918 – under the sway of the Hapsburg Empire and of the Austro-Hungarian Empire respectively 16th c. – first school; 18th c. – first school in the Romanian language; 18th c. – Bega became a navigable river; 19th c. – telegraphy, railway (Timisoara-Szeged), electric street lighting (first system in Europe) as well as electric trams were first used there; start of the 20th c. – foundation of the Polytechnic School, of the Fine Arts and Music Academies, of the Faculty of Constructions; at present – 7 universities and 32 high-schools opera and drama theatres use the Romanian, German and Hungarian languages; a great number of music groups and orchestras, dance troupes; a great many publications.

Highlights

Fortifications – the ruins of the Fortress (18th c.) Vauban style; its Bastion, which holds the Ethnographic Section of the Banat Museum, can still be seen Religious Monuments – Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral (1936-1946) founded by King Michael of Romania; Byzantine style with Moldavian elements; surface 1,500 sq m; can hold some 4-5 thousand people;- a mosaic with the saint protectors of the church at the entrance door; 7 bells made of rare metals imported from Borneo and Sumatra, which weigh some 8 t; in front of the cathedral – wooden carved crosses made by peasant artists from Maramures to the memory of those who were shot dead during the bloody events of 1989; underground – a collection of icons on wood and on glass as well as of old books; Roman-Catholic Dome (1736-1774) baroque style; architect Emanuel Fischer von Erlach (Vienna); Serbian Orthodox Cathedral (1748) baroque style; ‘St Trinity’ Catholic Cathedral (1740) baroque style; built in memory of those who died during the plague in 1738-1739; former Franciscan Monastery (18th c.) baroque style; Merciful People’s Church (1737).

– the ruins of the (18th c.) Vauban style; its which holds the , can still be seen (1936-1946) founded by ; Byzantine style with Moldavian elements; surface 1,500 sq m; can hold some 4-5 thousand people;- a mosaic with the saint protectors of the church at the entrance door; 7 bells made of rare metals imported from Borneo and Sumatra, which weigh some 8 t; in front of the cathedral – wooden carved crosses made by peasant artists from Maramures to the memory of those who were shot dead during the bloody events of 1989; underground – a collection of as well as of old books; (1736-1774) baroque style; architect (Vienna); (1748) baroque style; ‘ (1740) baroque style; built in memory of those who died during the plague in 1738-1739; former (18th c.) baroque style; (1737).

Stately Buildings Medieval Castle (14th-15th centuries); at present, the Banat Museum built during the rule of the Magyar king Charles Robert of Anjou (1308-1342) and continued by Iancu of Hunedoara (Transylvania’s ruling prince between 1441-1446 and Hungary’s regent between 1446-1453); Old Town Hall (1734) baroque Renaissance style; architect Pietro del Bonzo; Romanian Opera and National Theatre (1872-1875) built by Viennese architects; Palace of Justice (19th c.) its 450 rooms were designed to be used by the Austrian administration; Merciful People’s Hospital (18th-19th centuries) first hospital and pharmacy in town; at present, hosts art exhibitions and concerts; Prince Eugene of Savoya’s Residence House (1717); House with Guilds’ Tree (1752) a tree trunk onto the wall of a medieval house; before the end of apprenticeship, each young craftsman would hammer a nail into it as a sign he had completed his duty. Other Cultural Institutions Library of the Romanian Academy (1891); German State Theatre; Magyar Theatre ‘Csiky Gergely’; Puppets Theatre Museums Museum of the Banat with 5,000 exhibits; displays Banat’s history until 1950; also sections of natural sciences, of ethnography and of Romanian fine arts; Village Museum of the Banat – open-air museum in the ‘Padurea Verde’ Park; Museum Collection of the Serbian Orthodox Office of Locum Tenens objects of worship and religious artifacts (18th-19th centuries) Green Areas Timisoara has been called ‘city of flowers’ due to the great number of its parks Rozelor, Copiilor, Alpinet, Poporului, Botanic, Padurea Verde Cultural-Tourist Events Beer Feast (during the 1st weekend of May); Festival of Show-People (beginning of July); The Banat Praying-Feast (September)

(14th-15th centuries); at present, the built during the rule of the Magyar king (1308-1342) and continued by (Transylvania’s ruling prince between 1441-1446 and Hungary’s regent between 1446-1453); (1734) baroque Renaissance style; architect ; (1872-1875) built by Viennese architects; (19th c.) its 450 rooms were designed to be used by the Austrian administration; (18th-19th centuries) first hospital and pharmacy in town; at present, hosts art exhibitions and concerts; (1717); (1752) a tree trunk onto the wall of a medieval house; before the end of apprenticeship, each young craftsman would hammer a nail into it as a sign he had completed his duty. (1891); ;; with 5,000 exhibits; displays Banat’s history until 1950; also sections of natural sciences, of ethnography and of Romanian fine arts; – open-air museum in the ‘Padurea Verde’ Park; objects of worship and religious artifacts (18th-19th centuries) Timisoara has been called ‘city of flowers’ due to the great number of its parks , , , , , (during the 1st weekend of May); (beginning of July); (September)

Lodging and Meals

Hotels International 4*, Continental-Cornel 3*, Euro 3*, Perla 3*, Regina 3*, Senator 3*, Banatul 2*, Central 2*, Timisoara 2*, Nord 1*

International 4*, Continental-Cornel 3*, Euro 3*, Perla 3*, Regina 3*, Senator 3*, Banatul 2*, Central 2*, Timisoara 2*, Nord 1*

The Surroundings of Timisoara

Health Tourism Calacea Health Resort (38 km north of Timisoara); Buzias Health Resort (30 km south-east of Timisoara)

(38 km north of Timisoara); (30 km south-east of Timisoara)

Cultural Tourism Religious Monuments – Partos Monastery (16th c.); Wooden Church at Batesti (Faget area) 17th c. Museums Lenauhaim (Swabian Ethnographic Museum); Sânnicolau Mare (Museum with a special section dedicated to ‘Béla Bă¡rtok’ – well-known Magyar composer and piano-player) Fortifications Ciacova (tower-residence dating from 1390); Margina (ruins of a medieval fortress dating from the 15th c.)

(16th c.); (Faget area) 17th c. (); (- well-known Magyar composer and piano-player) (tower-residence dating from 1390); (ruins of a medieval fortress dating from the 15th c.)

Ecological Tourism Bazosu Nou (15 km away from Timisoara) dendrological park; Deta reserve of wild animals; Satchinez (25 km north-west of Timisoara) ornithological reserve (called the ‘Delta of the Banat’); Izvin centre for thorough-bred horses with the possibility to ride; Tomesti and Luncani trout reserves.

(15 km away from Timisoara) dendrological park; reserve of wild animals; (25 km north-west of Timisoara) ornithological reserve (called the ‘Delta of the Banat’); centre for thorough-bred horses with the possibility to ride; and trout reserves.

Lugoj

Landmarks situated in the Timis county, in the Lugoj Plain, on the sides of the Timis river; area 13.8 sq km.; 49,897 inhabitants (1995); railway and road junction centre, 60 km east of Timisoara; economic, cultural and university centre.

situated in the Timis county, in the Lugoj Plain, on the sides of the Timis river; area 13.8 sq km.; 49,897 inhabitants (1995); railway and road junction centre, 60 km east of Timisoara; economic, cultural and university centre.

Highlights

Religious Monuments ‘St. Nicholas’ Orthodox Church (1402), of which only the baroque Tower stands today; ‘The Assumption of the Virgin’ Orthodox Cathedral (1759-1766) late baroque style; two towers; a 57 m high belfry; architect Emanuel Fischer von Erlach; original murals preserved; Church of Former Minorite Monastery (1733); Greek-Catholic Church (1853-1854) neo-Byzantine painting; 42 m high steeple, a former ‘look-out’ for firemen Stately buildings Mail Pub (1726) former inn and stop for mail coaches; today, the seat of the Romanian Orthodox Archpriest District with collections of old books; Museum of History and Ethnography (1951) hosted in a 19th c. building; 60,000 exhibits displayed in its sections on history, ethnography and art; City Theatre (1835) drama played in the Romanian language since 1842.

(1402), of which only the stands today; ‘ (1759-1766) late baroque style; two towers; a 57 m high belfry; architect ; original murals preserved; (1733); (1853-1854) neo-Byzantine painting; 42 m high steeple, a former ‘look-out’ for firemen (1726) former inn and stop for mail coaches; today, the seat of the with collections of old books; (1951) hosted in a 19th c. building; 60,000 exhibits displayed in its sections on history, ethnography and art; (1835) drama played in the Romanian language since 1842.

Lodging and Meals

Hotels Dacia 2*, Timis 2*

Dacia 2*, Timis 2*

Surroundings of Lugoj Costeiu – leisure spot with a park and an inn; beaches on the banks of the Timis river; fishing possibilities; Gavojdia – ethnographical collection.

Leisure spot with a park and an inn; beaches on the banks of the Timis river; fishing possibilities; – ethnographical collection.in the Banat, in the lower basin of the Timis river 8,697 sq km (Romania’s largest county) 692,870 (1997) predominantly flat country (over 85% plains) temperately-continental.capital city of the Timis county; situated in the Banatului Plain, on the sides of the Bega river; important economic, cultural, scientific and university centre; area 17,988 ha; 334,098 inhabitants (1997) – Bucharest (533 km), Craiova (324 km), Arad (57 km), Oradea (178 km); – E70 Bucharest (562 km), E70 Craiova (330 km), E671 Arad (50 km), E671 Oradea (165 km); – international airportinhabited since the Geto-Dacian age; first mentioned as a fortress, i.e. in the 12th-13th centuries; 14th c. – the Magyar king resided there; 1552-1716 – seized by the Turks; 1716-1918 – under the sway of the Hapsburg Empire and of the Austro-Hungarian Empire respectively 16th c. – first school; 18th c. – first school in the Romanian language; 18th c. – Bega became a navigable river; 19th c. – telegraphy, railway (Timisoara-Szeged), electric street lighting (first system in Europe) as well as electric trams were first used there; start of the 20th c. – foundation of the Polytechnic School, of the Fine Arts and Music Academies, of the Faculty of Constructions; at present – 7 universities and 32 high-schools opera and drama theatres use the Romanian, German and Hungarian languages; a great number of music groups and orchestras, dance troupes; a great many publications.- the ruins of the (18th c.) Vauban style; its which holds the , can still be seen (1936-1946) founded by ; Byzantine style with Moldavian elements; surface 1,500 sq m; can hold some 4-5 thousand people;- a mosaic with the saint protectors of the church at the entrance door; 7 bells made of rare metals imported from Borneo and Sumatra, which weigh some 8 t; in front of the cathedral – wooden carved crosses made by peasant artists from Maramures to the memory of those who were shot dead during the bloody events of 1989; underground – a collection of as well as of old books; (1736-1774) baroque style; architect (Vienna); (1748) baroque style; ‘ (1740) baroque style; built in memory of those who died during the plague in 1738-1739; former (18th c.) baroque style; (1737). (14th-15th centuries); at present, the built during the rule of the Magyar king (1308-1342) and continued by (Transylvania’s ruling prince between 1441-1446 and Hungary’s regent between 1446-1453); (1734) baroque Renaissance style; architect ; (1872-1875) built by Viennese architects; (19th c.) its 450 rooms were designed to be used by the Austrian administration; (18th-19th centuries) first hospital and pharmacy in town; at present, hosts art exhibitions and concerts; (1717); (1752) a tree trunk onto the wall of a medieval house; before the end of apprenticeship, each young craftsman would hammer a nail into it as a sign he had completed his duty. (1891); ;; with 5,000 exhibits; displays Banat’s history until 1950; also sections of natural sciences, of ethnography and of Romanian fine arts; – open-air museum in the ‘Padurea Verde’ Park; objects of worship and religious artifacts (18th-19th centuries) Timisoara has been called ‘city of flowers’ due to the great number of its parks , , , , , (during the 1st weekend of May); (beginning of July); (September)International 4*, Continental-Cornel 3*, Euro 3*, Perla 3*, Regina 3*, Senator 3*, Banatul 2*, Central 2*, Timisoara 2*, Nord 1* (38 km north of Timisoara); (30 km south-east of Timisoara) (16th c.); (Faget area) 17th c. (); (- well-known Magyar composer and piano-player) (tower-residence dating from 1390); (ruins of a medieval fortress dating from the 15th c.) (15 km away from Timisoara) dendrological park; reserve of wild animals; (25 km north-west of Timisoara) ornithological reserve (called the ‘Delta of the Banat’); centre for thorough-bred horses with the possibility to ride; and trout reserves. situated in the Timis county, in the Lugoj Plain, on the sides of the Timis river; area 13.8 sq km.; 49,897 inhabitants (1995); railway and road junction centre, 60 km east of Timisoara; economic, cultural and university centre. (1402), of which only the stands today; ‘ (1759-1766) late baroque style; two towers; a 57 m high belfry; architect ; original murals preserved; (1733); (1853-1854) neo-Byzantine painting; 42 m high steeple, a former ‘look-out’ for firemen (1726) former inn and stop for mail coaches; today, the seat of the with collections of old books; (1951) hosted in a 19th c. building; 60,000 exhibits displayed in its sections on history, ethnography and art; (1835) drama played in the Romanian language since 1842.Dacia 2*, Timis 2* leisure spot with a park and an inn; beaches on the banks of the Timis river; fishing possibilities; – ethnographical collection.

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