ARAD COUNTY

Situated on the two sides of the Mures river (its northern part lies in the Crisana province while its southern part is in the Banat Area 7,754 sq km 479,575 inhabitants (1995) Relief gradually descending from the east to the west, with the Western Carpathians covering 30% of the county’s area, the Western Hills 15% and the Western Plain 50% Climate temperately-continental

Arad

Landmarks capital city of the Arad county; stretched along the banks of the Mures river; area 39.4 sq km; 187,286 inhabitants (1995); important economic centre with old cultural traditions and two universities Historical background 12th c. – first written record; between 1552-1600 and 1616-1687 respectively – under Ottoman rule (in 1600 was freed by the army of the Wallachian prince Michael the Brave); 1687-1867 – under the sway of the Hapsburg Empire; 1867-1918 – under the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire; September 1940 – seized by Hungary (Vienna Diktat); September 1944 – freed by Romanian troops Access by train – Bucharest (599 km), Timisoara (57 km), Oradea (121 km); by road – DN7 Bucharest (543 km), E64 Deva (153 km), E64 Nadlac (border on Hungary, 47 km away), DN69/E671 Timisoara (50 km), DN79/E671 Oradea (115 km); by air – international airport.Arad County

Capital city of the Arad county; stretched along the banks of the Mures river; area 39.4 sq km; 187,286 inhabitants (1995); important economic centre with old cultural traditions and two universities 12th c. – first written record; between 1552-1600 and 1616-1687 respectively – under Ottoman rule (in 1600 was freed by the army of the Wallachian prince Michael the Brave); 1687-1867 – under the sway of the Hapsburg Empire; 1867-1918 – under the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire; September 1940 – seized by Hungary (Vienna Diktat); September 1944 – freed by Romanian troops – Bucharest (599 km), Timisoara (57 km), Oradea (121 km); – DN7 Bucharest (543 km), E64 Deva (153 km), E64 Nadlac (border on Hungary, 47 km away), DN69/E671 Timisoara (50 km), DN79/E671 Oradea (115 km); – international airport.

Highlights

Medieval Fortifications The Fortress – built by the Turks in 1550; rebuilt during the Hapsburg rule, between 1691-1701 and between 1762-1783 respectively; Vauban style (has the shape of a star with 6 corners) battlements and bastions, along with a number of baroque buildings within its walls; today, still serves as barracks Religious Monuments Serbian Orthodox Church (1698-1702) baroque style; „St. Florian” Roman-Catholic Chapel (1751-1753) baroque style; Arad-Gai Nun Monastery (1760-1762) baroque style; Roman-Catholic Church (1812-1821); Synagogue (1827-1834); Romanian Orthodox Cathedral (1862-1865) neoclassic style; Red Church (1900) reformed; Roman Catholic Cathedral; Lutheran Evangelical Church (1906) Stately buildings Administrative Palace with the Town Hall and the County Council (1872-1876) Renaissance style; clock tower; designed by architect Pekă¡r Ferenc; Old Theatre (1816-1817) neoclassic style; at present, cinema hall; State Philharmonic House (1896); Palace of Culture (1910-1913) eclectic style; designed by architect Szatnay Ludovic; Palace of Justice (1892) neo-baroque style; Casino (1872) at present a restaurant; Bohus Palace (1910) at present, bank offices; City Hospital (1815); National Bank Palace (1905-1906); „Ardeal” Hotel (1841) neoclassic style; formerly an inn, it also served as a concert hall where Liszt, Brahms, Johann Strauss the son, played. Museums County Museum (within the Palace of Culture) sections of history, of Romanian and world fine arts Green areas Parks on the Mures river sides (19th c.); Ceala Forest (160 ha); Gai Health Resort (pools with thermal water)

– built by the Turks in 1550; rebuilt during the Hapsburg rule, between 1691-1701 and between 1762-1783 respectively; Vauban style (has the shape of a star with 6 corners) battlements and bastions, along with a number of baroque buildings within its walls; today, still serves as barracks (1698-1702) baroque style; (1751-1753) baroque style; (1760-1762) baroque style; (1812-1821); (1827-1834); (1862-1865) neoclassic style; (1900) reformed; ; (1906) with the and the (1872-1876) Renaissance style; clock tower; designed by architect ; (1816-1817) neoclassic style; at present, cinema hall; (1896); (1910-1913) eclectic style; designed by architect ; (1892) neo-baroque style; (1872) at present a restaurant; (1910) at present, bank offices; (1815); (1905-1906); (1841) neoclassic style; formerly an inn, it also served as a concert hall where , played. (within the Palace of Culture) sections of history, of Romanian and world fine arts on the Mures river sides (19th c.); (160 ha); (pools with thermal water)

Lodging and Meals

Hotels Continental 3*, Olimp 3*, Parc 3*, Ardeal 2*, Central 2*, Arad 1*

Continental 3*, Olimp 3*, Parc 3*, Ardeal 2*, Central 2*, Arad 1*

Surroundings of Arad

Cultural Tourism

Paulis (27 km east of Arad) Monument to the memory of the young non-commissioned officers at Radna School (who died during the battles of WW II against Hitler’s and Horthy’s troops in September 1944); Savârsin Castle (19th c.) royal residence; Siria (28 km north-east of Arad) Bohus Castle (19th c.); Museum in memory of Ioan Slavici (salient Romanian prose-writer) and Emil Montia (well-known Romanian composer); ruins of the Fortress (13th c.) of which only the Dungeon now remains; Bodrogu Nou (18 km south-west of Arad) Hodos-Bodrog Monastery (12th c.); Lipova (30 km east of Arad) Bocu Manor; ruins of Soimos Fortress (13th c.) placed 129 m high, it was of the utmost strategic importance in the struggle against the Ottoman Empire (1550-1699); Roman-Catholic Church and Monastery of Radna (1727-1826) founded by Franciscan friars; impressive chancel made of Carrara marble (17th c.); Zasrani (22 km away from Arad) Exhibition to the Memory of Adam Müller Guttenbrunn (well-known prose-writer of the Swabian ethnic community in the Banat); Ineu (55 km north-east of Arad) Medieval Castle (1645-1652) at present a hotel.

(27 km east of Arad) to the memory of the young non-commissioned officers at Radna School (who died during the battles of WW II against Hitler’s and Horthy’s troops in September 1944); (19th c.) royal residence; (28 km north-east of Arad) (19th c.); (salient Romanian prose-writer) and (well-known Romanian composer); ruins of the (13th c.) of which only the now remains; (18 km south-west of Arad) (12th c.); (30 km east of Arad) ; ruins of (13th c.) placed 129 m high, it was of the utmost strategic importance in the struggle against the Ottoman Empire (1550-1699); and (1727-1826) founded by Franciscan friars; impressive chancel made of Carrara marble (17th c.); (22 km away from Arad) (well-known prose-writer of the Swabian ethnic community in the Banat); (55 km north-east of Arad) (1645-1652) at present a hotel.

Living Folklore

Folk art, customs and traditional events Pâncota (15 km east of Arad towards Ineu and Brad) Fair on the 1st of February; Barsa (38 km away from Pâncota) traditional art of pottery; ‘Drustelor’Feast (1st Sunday of April); Halmagiu (junction of the the Halmagel and Crisul Alb rivers) The Kiss Fair (March); Sântana (7 km east of Arad-Oradea highway) ‘Iorgovanului’ Festival (last Sunday of May); Avram Iancu (towards Brad) Nedeia of Tacasele Fair (second Sunday of June); Gloglovat ‘Kirchweih’ (September)

(15 km east of Arad towards Ineu and Brad) ; (38 km away from Pâncota) ; ‘(1st Sunday of April); (junction of the the Halmagel and Crisul Alb rivers) (March); (7 km east of Arad-Oradea highway) ‘(last Sunday of May); (towards Brad) (second Sunday of June); ‘(September)

on the two sides of the Mures river (its northern part lies in the Crisana province while its southern part is in the Banat 7,754 sq km 479,575 (1995) gradually descending from the east to the west, with the Western Carpathians covering 30% of the county’s area, the Western Hills 15% and the Western Plain 50% temperately-continental capital city of the Arad county; stretched along the banks of the Mures river; area 39.4 sq km; 187,286 inhabitants (1995); important economic centre with old cultural traditions and two universities 12th c. – first written record; between 1552-1600 and 1616-1687 respectively – under Ottoman rule (in 1600 was freed by the army of the Wallachian prince Michael the Brave); 1687-1867 – under the sway of the Hapsburg Empire; 1867-1918 – under the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire; September 1940 – seized by Hungary (Vienna Diktat); September 1944 – freed by Romanian troops – Bucharest (599 km), Timisoara (57 km), Oradea (121 km); – DN7 Bucharest (543 km), E64 Deva (153 km), E64 Nadlac (border on Hungary, 47 km away), DN69/E671 Timisoara (50 km), DN79/E671 Oradea (115 km); – international airport – built by the Turks in 1550; rebuilt during the Hapsburg rule, between 1691-1701 and between 1762-1783 respectively; Vauban style (has the shape of a star with 6 corners) battlements and bastions, along with a number of baroque buildings within its walls; today, still serves as barracks (1698-1702) baroque style; (1751-1753) baroque style; (1760-1762) baroque style; (1812-1821); (1827-1834); (1862-1865) neoclassic style; (1900) reformed; ; (1906) with the and the (1872-1876) Renaissance style; clock tower; designed by architect ; (1816-1817) neoclassic style; at present, cinema hall; (1896); (1910-1913) eclectic style; designed by architect ; (1892) neo-baroque style; (1872) at present a restaurant; (1910) at present, bank offices; (1815); (1905-1906); (1841) neoclassic style; formerly an inn, it also served as a concert hall where , played. (within the Palace of Culture) sections of history, of Romanian and world fine arts on the Mures river sides (19th c.); (160 ha); (pools with thermal water) Continental 3*, Olimp 3*, Parc 3*, Ardeal 2*, Central 2*, Arad 1*(27 km east of Arad) to the memory of the young non-commissioned officers at Radna School (who died during the battles of WW II against Hitler’s and Horthy’s troops in September 1944); (19th c.) royal residence; (28 km north-east of Arad) (19th c.); (salient Romanian prose-writer) and (well-known Romanian composer); ruins of the (13th c.) of which only the now remains; (18 km south-west of Arad) (12th c.); (30 km east of Arad) ; ruins of (13th c.) placed 129 m high, it was of the utmost strategic importance in the struggle against the Ottoman Empire (1550-1699); and (1727-1826) founded by Franciscan friars; impressive chancel made of Carrara marble (17th c.); (22 km away from Arad) (well-known prose-writer of the Swabian ethnic community in the Banat); (55 km north-east of Arad) (1645-1652) at present a hotel. (15 km east of Arad towards Ineu and Brad) ; (38 km away from Pâncota) ; ‘(1st Sunday of April); (junction of the the Halmagel and Crisul Alb rivers) (March); (7 km east of Arad-Oradea highway) ‘(last Sunday of May); (towards Brad) (second Sunday of June); ‘(September)

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