BIHOR COUNTY

BIHOR COUNTYSituated to the western – north-western part of Romania, in the historic province of Crisana, on the sides of the Crisul Negru, Crisul Repede and Barcau rivers Area 7,544 sq. km 631, 095 inhabitants (1995) Relief mountain area (to the south, south-east and east) – 24% of the county’s area; hilly region with interhillock depressions (in the middle) – 32%; flat region (to the west) – 44% Climate temperately-continental.

Oradea

Landmarks capital city of the Bihor county, situated between the Western Hills and the Western Plain, in the valley of the Crisul Repede river; average height 150 m; area 115.1 sq km; 222,994 inhabitants (1995); economic centre with old traditions of culture, science and higher education (at present, the Western University with 15 faculties) Historical background 13th c. – first mentioned as a town; 16th c. – first printing house; 1660 – seized by the Turks; 1692-1867 – the Bihor county was part of the Hapsburg Empire; 1867-1918 – under Austro-Hungarian rule; 18th c. – the first Romanian schools were recorded alongside the Law Academy and the Romanian Academy of Sciences Access by train – Bucharest (650 km), Cluj-Napoca (153 km), Arad (121 km), Satu Mare (133 km); by road – DN1/E60 Bors (border on Hungary, 12 km away), Bucharest (650 km), Cluj-Napoca (153 km), Arad (121 km), Satu Mare (131 km); by air – airport

capital city of the Bihor county, situated between the Western Hills and the Western Plain, in the valley of the Crisul Repede river; average height 150 m; area 115.1 sq km; 222,994 inhabitants (1995); economic centre with old traditions of culture, science and higher education (at present, the Western University with 15 faculties) 13th c. – first mentioned as a town; 16th c. – first printing house; 1660 – seized by the Turks; 1692-1867 – the Bihor county was part of the Hapsburg Empire; 1867-1918 – under Austro-Hungarian rule; 18th c. – the first Romanian schools were recorded alongside the Law Academy and the Romanian Academy of Sciences – Bucharest (650 km), Cluj-Napoca (153 km), Arad (121 km), Satu Mare (133 km); – DN1/E60 Bors (border on Hungary, 12 km away), Bucharest (650 km), Cluj-Napoca (153 km), Arad (121 km), Satu Mare (131 km); – airport

Highlights

Medieval Fortifications ruins of the Fortress made of earth in the 10th-11th centuries and rebuilt in stone in the 14th c.; in the 16th-17th centuries it was fortified with bastions; in the 18th c., used as barracks by the Austrian army Religious Monuments Moon Church / Cathedral of the Orthodox Diocese in Oradea (1784) late baroque style; clever mechanism showing the phases of the moon (unique in Europe); Roman-Catholic Cathedral (1750-1779) the third biggest church in Romania and the largest one in the baroque style; interior and exterior decorations made of Carrara marble; beautiful murals, stained-glass windows and organon; Wooden Church (1785); three Synagogues Stately buildings Episcopal Palace / Museum of the Cris Rivers County (1762-1777) – 100 rooms with 365 windows, one for each day of the year; inspired by the Belvedere Palace in Vienna; in 1771 it hosted the Austrian Empress Maria Teresa and her son Joseph the 2nd; Museum with sections of history, Romanian and world fine arts, ethnography and natural sciences; especially interesting collections of painted eggs, watches and clocks, pipes, and silvery; City Hall (1902-1903) an imposing building in the neoclassic style; overlooked by the Clock Tower; Black Eagle Palace (1908) in the Sécession style, with a passage whose cupola is made of beautiful stained glass windows; State Theatre (1900); displays the neoclassic style on the outside and the baroque style on the inside; City Library (1905) built in the fine and majestic Sécession style.

ruins of the made of earth in the 10th-11th centuries and rebuilt in stone in the 14th c.; in the 16th-17th centuries it was fortified with bastions; in the 18th c., used as barracks by the Austrian army (1784) late baroque style; clever mechanism showing the phases of the moon (unique in Europe); (1750-1779) the third biggest church in Romania and the largest one in the baroque style; interior and exterior decorations made of Carrara marble; beautiful murals, stained-glass windows and organon; (1785); three (1762-1777) – 100 rooms with 365 windows, one for each day of the year; inspired by the in Vienna; in 1771 it hosted the Austrian Empress and her son ; with sections of history, Romanian and world fine arts, ethnography and natural sciences; especially interesting collections of painted eggs, watches and clocks, pipes, and silvery; (1902-1903) an imposing building in the neoclassic style; overlooked by the ; (1908) in the Sécession style, with a passage whose cupola is made of beautiful stained glass windows; (1900); displays the neoclassic style on the outside and the baroque style on the inside; (1905) built in the fine and majestic Sécession style.

Lodging and Meals

Hotels Dacia 4*, Continental 3*, Gala 3*, Astoria 2*, Parc 1* Agrotourism pensions in the surrounding villages Haieu, Bulz

Dacia 4*, Continental 3*, Gala 3*, Astoria 2*, Parc 1* in the surrounding villages Haieu, Bulz

Surroundings of Oradea

Health Tourism

Baile Felix 8 km south-east of Oradea (DN 76/E 79); 140 m high; health resort which boasts thermal and mineral springs (43-48şC); health care facilities, i.e. physiotherapy, electrotherapy, heliotherapy

8 km south-east of Oradea (DN 76/E 79); 140 m high; which boasts thermal and mineral springs (43-48şC); health care facilities, i.e. physiotherapy, electrotherapy, heliotherapy
Lodging and Meals hotels International 3*, Termal 3*, Crisana 2*, Lotus 2*, Muncelul 2*, Mures 2*, Nufarul 2*, Poienita 2*, Somes 2*, Unirea 2*, Felix 1*, Padis 1* and villas.

hotels International 3*, Termal 3*, Crisana 2*, Lotus 2*, Muncelul 2*, Mures 2*, Nufarul 2*, Poienita 2*, Somes 2*, Unirea 2*, Felix 1*, Padis 1* and villas.

Baile 1 Mai 1 km from Baile Felix in the Petea River Valley; 140 m high; lake whose waters reach a temperature between 28-32şC; a huge kind of nenuphar grows there, i.e. Nymphaea lotus var thermalis whose leaves have a 50 cm diameter.

1 km from Baile Felix in the Petea River Valley; 140 m high; lake whose waters reach a temperature between 28-32şC; a huge kind of nenuphar grows there, i.e. whose leaves have a 50 cm diameter.
Lodging and Meals hotel Ceres 1* and villas hotel Ceres 1* and villas

Cultural Tourism and Folklore

Village of Tileagd (situated 23 km to the east of Oradea – DN1/E15 road) Gothic Church (1508); Count Teleki’s baroque Castle (19th c.). Villages of Hotar, Tilecus, Surduc, Vârciorog, Gheghe, Bucea, Rieni Wooden Churches (18th c.) Villages of Cristianu de Jos, Leheceni, Vadu Crisului traditional pottery; Pietroasa water-mills alongside farmstead technical fittings and folk costumes; Vadu Crisului Fair of Vama Sarii (first Sunday of June); Oradea Fair which joins together folk craftsmen in Romania (3rd week of July); Days of the Folk Culture in the Bihor County (3rd week of December)

Leisure Tourism

Stâna de Vale all the year round mountain resort situated at 88 km south-east of Oradea; 1.100 m high; hotels, chalets and holiday camp all the year round mountainresort situated at 88 km south-east of Oradea; 1.100 m high; hotels, chalets and holiday camp

Speleology Caves in the Western Mountains – Meziad Cave (south of the Padurea Craiului Mountains, 13 km away from Beius) stalactites; total length of the 3 levelled-galleries almost 5 km; Chiscau/Bears’ Cave (west of the Bihor Mountains) a bear’s skeleton from the Neolithic age was discovered there; the cave displays stalactites and stalagmites with weird shapes, i.e. castles, various animals; Vântului Cave (north of the Padurea Craiului Mountains) the longest cave in Romania – 20.8 km

– (south of the Padurea Craiului Mountains, 13 km away from Beius) stalactites; total length of the 3 levelled-galleries almost 5 km; (west of the Bihor Mountains) a bear’s skeleton from the Neolithic age was discovered there; the cave displays stalactites and stalagmites with weird shapes, i.e. castles, various animals; (north of the Padurea Craiului Mountains) the longest cave in Romania – 20.8 km

Hunting favoured by the Western flat region of the Bihor county and its south-eastern forest areas, where one may hunt wild boars, deer, foxes, bears, pheasants favoured by the Western flat region of the Bihor county and its south-eastern forest areas, where one may hunt wild boars, deer, foxes, bears, pheasants to the western – north-western part of Romania, in the historic province of Crisana, on the sides of the Crisul Negru, Crisul Repede and Barcau rivers 7,544 sq.

km 631, 095 (1995) mountain area (to the south, south-east and east) – 24% of the county’s area;

hilly region with interhillock depressions (in the middle) – 32%; flat region (to the west) – 44% temperately-continental.

Capital city of the Bihor county, situated between the Western Hills and the Western Plain, in the valley of the Crisul Repede river;

average height 150 m; area 115.1 sq km;

222,994 inhabitants (1995); economic centre with old traditions of culture, science and higher education (at present, the Western University with 15 faculties) 13th c. – first mentioned as a town;

16th c. – first printing house; 1660 – seized by the Turks; 1692-1867 – the Bihor county was part of the Hapsburg Empire;

1867-1918 – under Austro-Hungarian rule;

18th c. – the first Romanian schools were recorded alongside the Law Academy and the Romanian Academy of Sciences – Bucharest (650 km), Cluj-Napoca (153 km), Arad (121 km), Satu Mare (133 km);

– DN1/E60 Bors (border on Hungary, 12 km away), Bucharest (650 km), Cluj-Napoca (153 km), Arad (121 km), Satu Mare (131 km);

– airport ruins of the made of earth in the 10th-11th centuries and rebuilt in stone in the 14th c.;

in the 16th-17th centuries it was fortified with bastions;

in the 18th c., used as barracks by the Austrian army (1784) late baroque style; clever mechanism showing the phases of the moon (unique in Europe);

(1750-1779) the third biggest church in Romania and the largest one in the baroque style;

interior and exterior decorations made of Carrara marble; beautiful murals, stained-glass windows and organon;

(1785);

three (1762-1777) – 100 rooms with 365 windows, one for each day of the year;

inspired by the in Vienna;

in 1771 it hosted the Austrian Empress and her son ; with sections of history, Romanian and world fine arts, ethnography and natural sciences;

especially interesting collections of painted eggs, watches and clocks, pipes, and silvery;

(1902-1903) an imposing building in the neoclassic style; overlooked by the ;

(1908) in the Sécession style, with a passage whose cupola is made of beautiful stained glass windows;

(1900);

displays the neoclassic style on the outside and the baroque style on the inside;

(1905) built in the fine and majestic Sécession style.

Dacia 4*, Continental 3*, Gala 3*, Astoria 2*, Parc 1* in the surrounding villages Haieu, Bulz 8 km south-east of Oradea (DN 76/E 79);

140 m high;

which boasts thermal and mineral springs (43-48şC);

health care facilities, i.e. physiotherapy, electrotherapy, heliotherapy hotels International 3*, Termal 3*, Crisana 2*, Lotus 2*, Muncelul 2*, Mures 2*, Nufarul 2*, Poienita 2*, Somes 2*, Unirea 2*, Felix 1*, Padis 1* and villas. 1 km from Baile Felix in the Petea River Valley;

lake whose waters reach a temperature between 28-32şC;

a huge kind of nenuphar grows there, i.e. whose leaves have a 50 cm diameter. hotelCeres 1* and villas all the year round mountainresort situated at 88 km south-east of Oradea;

1.100 m high;

hotels, chalets and holiday camp – (south of the Padurea Craiului Mountains, 13 km away from Beius) stalactites;

total length of the 3 levelled-galleries almost 5 km; (west of the Bihor Mountains) a bear’s skeleton from the Neolithic age was discovered there;

the cave displays stalactites and stalagmites with weird shapes, i.e. castles, various animals;

(north of the Padurea Craiului Mountains) the longest cave in Romania – 20.8 kmfavoured by the Western flat region of the Bihor county and its south-eastern forest areas, where one may hunt wild boars, deer, foxes, bears, pheasants

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